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Causes of Fuel Poverty

  • Low household income - the cost of heating a home accounts for a bigger proportion of total income for those on benefits or low wages
  • Energy efficiency - the quality of the building and its insulation and the efficiency of the heat source affect how much energy must be bought to heat a home adequately
  • Fuel costs

Other factors that contribute to fuel poverty are:

  • Under occupation – when people on low incomes live in properties that are bigger than they need, for example, an older person who lives alone in a house that was once a family home
  • Appliance use – households use more appliances than they did 20 years ago. Low-income families are more likely to use older, less efficient appliances that have higher running costs